When a senior exhibits memory loss or confusion, family members may suspect their loved one is developing dementia. However, there are many reasons an older adult might experience cognitive impairment. Many of these causative factors are reversible, including the following.
When seniors become depressed, they may seem to lack energy and motivation. They cannot concentrate, and their attention spans decrease. Some experience memory problems. However, when these older adults take cognitive function tests, they pass without difficulty. After an interview, a healthcare provider may come to the conclusion that your parent simply has depression. Remedying the underlying cause or taking antidepressants often reverses the symptoms.
Older adults commonly exhibit confusion or other cognitive impairment symptoms when they develop systemic infections. Since the immune system isn’t as efficient in the senior years, your parent may not have an elevated temperature. However, he or she may have a respiratory or urinary infection. A physical examination along with blood and urine tests may uncover the problem, which is treated with anti-infective medications.
Dementia can be challenging for seniors to manage, but they can maintain a higher quality of life with the help of professional dementia care. North Coast seniors can benefit greatly from the Cognitive Therapeutics Method (CTM), an activities-based program designed to promote cognitive health and delay the onset of dementia. CTM is included at no additional charge with any of the in-home care plans provided by Home Care Assistance.
3. Lack of Sleep
Sleep deprivation may leave seniors feeling foggy and confused in addition to being fatigued. Ageing adults may also exhibit some degree of memory loss. If the problem becomes chronic, a lack of sleep has the potential to decrease the volume in certain areas of the brain. Seniors may need to make some environmental changes to induce restful sleep.
Many older adults take a variety of medications. The formulations may interact with each other and cause cognitive symptoms. A physician or pharmacist is capable of reviewing the medications to determine if your loved one’s symptoms are related to side effects or medication interactions. Certain medications may require dosage adjustments or need to be taken at different times. Once the problem is identified and corrected, the symptoms typically disappear.
Caring for a loved one with dementia can be challenging, but compassionate help is available. If your senior loved one has been diagnosed with a serious condition and needs help with tasks like meal prep, transportation, bathing, and grooming, reach out to Home Care Assistance, a leading provider of senior care North Coast, NSW, families can trust. We also offer comprehensive care for seniors with dementia, Alzheimer’s, and Parkinson’s.
5. Subdural Hematomas
Hematomas or bruising may occur in the brain if your loved one falls or otherwise experiences a minor head injury. The internal blood vessels are more delicate and may rupture, which causes bleeding and swelling between the brain and its protective covering, known as the dura. Depending on the location of the injury, the increased pressure has the potential to cause confusion, fatigue, headaches, and abnormal speech patterns. The site may heal naturally or require corrective surgery.
6. Thyroid Malfunction
It’s not unusual for the thyroid gland to malfunction in older adults. Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism can cause language problems, memory loss, and visual disturbances. A simple blood test evaluates the possible need for thyroid medication supplementation.
7. Vitamin B12 Deficiency
Abnormally low levels of vitamin B12 have been known to cause dementia. Seniors who are deficient in this nutrient may exhibit agitation, aggression, memory loss, and other cognitive deficits. Alcoholism, Crohn’s disease, pernicious anemia, and poor diet are all factors that may contribute to the problem. Supplementation may be needed in addition to following a more nutritious diet.
Families looking for top-rated homecare service providers can reach out to Home Care Assistance. From respite care to specialised Alzheimer’s, dementia, stroke, and Parkinson’s care, there are many ways we can make life easier for seniors and their loved ones. If you need compassionate, professional aged care for your loved one, call one of our friendly Care Managers today at (02) 6646 3527.